Nutritional Balance: Eating Different Healthy Foods for Dieting

Food Nutrition

The human body needs the right blend of food, exercise and enough rest to stay healthy. For many people, eating healthy is not as easy as it sounds. However, having the right kind of foods in your plate is often a matter of personal choice. Irrespective of that fact, a good diet will consist of healthy foods that contain lots of nutrients. These essential nutrients are the necessary elements that support the building blocks of good health. These nutrients include:

  • Protein;
  • Vitamins;
  • Carbohydrates;
  • Minerals;
  • Fat

Various diet programs opt to focus on one or more nutrients. Therefore, implying any of these diet programs can exclude a certain nutrient or nutrients. The truth is, not all diet programs that promise to build a healthy and strong body fails to contain all the five key nutrients. The trick is just to minimize one nutrient and focus more on another depending on the objective set in the diet program. In this article, we will focus on the kinds of food you should eat that provide each of the five nutrients.



People are often quick to assume that their issues with weight gain are due to high consumption of fat. Yes, bad fats are there. However, there are also good healthy fats such as omega -3 fatty acids. Healthy food choices you can take to get these good fats include:

  • Avocados;
  • Eggs;
  • Certain nuts and seeds;
  • Fatty fish;
  • Corn;
  • Vegetables


Protein is protein, whether you are employing a high protein or low protein diet. One thing that stands out is that almost all foods whether they are animal or plant based contain protein. The cells of all living things consist of protein. Certain foods that contain protein include:

  • Eggs;
  • Meat;
  • Milk;
  • Beans;
  • Cheese;
  • Fish;
  • Poultry meat


Carbohydrates are a common nutrient found in many foods that we have in our diet programs. Foods rich in healthy carbohydrates include:

  • Brown rice;
  • Whole white bread;
  • Beans;
  • Whole grain cereals;
  • Berries;
  • Apples;
  • Oatmeal;
  • Leafy green vegetables;
  • Peas among other foods


The body needs vitamins to have a good immunity and support various body functions. However, the body’s vitamin requirement differs. Our body needs just a small amount to stay healthy and strong Hence, you need to be aware of each type of vitamin that includes:

  • Vitamin A;
  • Vitamin B1;
  • Vitamin B2;
  • Vitamin B3;
  • Vitamin B5;
  • Vitamin B6;
  • Vitamin B12;
  • Vitamin C;
  • Vitamin D;
  • Vitamin E;
  • Vitamin K;
  • Folic acid

You can get most of these types of vitamins in fruits and vegetables. However, animal products such as eggs or liver, poultry and meat also have trace amounts of vitamins.


The body requires various types of minerals. These are grouped into major and trace minerals. Some of the major minerals that you need to consume include:

  • Sodium;
  • Magnesium;
  • Calcium;
  • Potassium;
  • Phosphorus;
  • Chloride;
  • Sulfur

Other minerals include:

  • Zinc;
  • Copper;
  • Iron;
  • Iodine;
  • Selenium;
  • Fluoride;
  • Chromium;
  • Manganese;
  • Molybdenum

These minerals are found in various foods. Hence, eating a nutritionally balanced diet will provide all the essential minerals the body needs to stay healthy.